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  • The American hazelnut grows to a height of roughly (8 to 16 ft), with a crown spread of (10 to 15 ft). It is a medium to large shrub, which under some conditions can take the like of a small tree. It is often multi-stemmed with long outward-growing branches that form a dense spreading or spherical shape. It spreads by sending up suckers from underground rhizomes (4 to 6 in) below the surface.It blooms in very early to mid spring, producing hanging male catkins (1+12 to 3+14 in) long, and clusters of 2–5 tiny female (pistillate) flowers enclosed in the protective bracts of a bud, with their red styles sticking out at the tip. The male catkins develop in the fall and remain over the winter. Each male flower on a catkin has a pair of bracts and four stamens.

    American hazelnut produces edible nuts that mature at a time between July and October. Each nut is enclosed in two leaf-like bracts with irregularly laciniate margins.